劇場公開日 1993年7月17日

ジュラシック・パーク : 映画評論・批評



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A Virtual Effects Thrill Ride, but Also Masterful Cinema

There’s a brief take in Jurassic Park that puts real-life breathing room into the big-budget blockbuster dinosaur spectacle. Business mogul and amusement park operator John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) has just shown paleontologists Grant (Sam Neill) and Sattler (Laura Dern) and mathematician Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum) the velociraptor cage, timely enough for them to watch the unseen beasts eat a live cow dropped in by crane. Wary of the ramifications of resurrecting the old world’s masters of the food chain, Grant introduces himself to the park’s game warden, Muldoon, who has just entered the scene. On the left, Muldoon explains to Grant his observations on the raptors’ problem-solving intelligence. On the right, Hammond, who is financially eager to sweep away any anxiety about running a dinosaur kingdom, affirms Sattler of the facility’s safety. Both conversations run at the same time, perhaps through the same boom mic on set. The shriek of a feasting raptor has Hammond tune into the cautionary conversation at his hands.

This cinema-verite moment feels as complexly designed as the top-class CGI rendering and puppeteering of its time. One reason is because director Stephen Spielberg offers a lot of confidence in his actors; he allows this natural group interaction as an opportunity for the characters to develop and hold their footing in this ominous place. More importantly, the multi-directional dialogue has the viewer lean in so that they can install themselves in the danger.

Jurassic Park takes its time to prey on its audience. When the scientists ride with Hammond’s grandkids in the amusement park’s automated jeep tour safari, they are disappointed to find the dinosaurs hide in their manmade habitats, no different from one might find at zoo exhibition. Then everything else goes completely wrong—a seasonal hurricane has gone off course to the park’s island, and the park’s system engineer has bugged everything to run off with stolen dinosaur DNA. That’s when we get to see the dinosaurs. The first T-Rex appears in horrific fashion, broken from its cage under a rainstorm strobe light. Back in the headquarters, raptors pop out from dark sheet metal corridors like Ridley Scott’s Alien. Martin Scorsese famously complained this year that Hollywood blockbusters aren’t films anymore, just mere thrill rides. Jurassic Park may just be the “film” of a theme park ride gone wrong that emboldened that model. Hold on to your butts.